P (Programmed Auto)

Nikon D7000 operation mode PExplanation: „Programmed auto“ means that the D7000 chooses automatically aperture and exposure time. This term is left over from times when there were no AUTO and SCENE modes and the only alternatives were the modes S and A where the camera chooses only aperture or exposure time. The difference between P and AUTO / SCENE is that no other settings are automatically adjusted by the camera.

The most important differences in Nikon‘s default settings in modes AUTO and P are that

  • P does not use Auto ISO sensitivity control and
  • you have to switch the flash on and off yourself.

Aperture and exposure time can be shifted with the command dial at the back without altering the total exposure, i.e. the brightness of your picture. On the display you will then see a * next to P.
To reset this „program shift“ you have to turn the command dial the opposite direction until the * disappears, to switch the camera off & on or to do a reset.

Tips: Best go straight to using U1 and U2 instead of P.